Tack vare den moderna tekniken har byggandet av träramshus utvecklats snabbt. De flesta av projekten som genomförts av företaget “Northouse” avser de prefabricerade träramarna. Ny teknik accelererar snabbt byggprocessen i träramar och sparar även kostnader.
Träramhus är gjorda av naturmaterial och är en av de billigaste bygglösningarna. Byggnaderna i byggnaden är paneler för väggar, tak och tak, som är fyllda med värmeisoleringsmaterial och är mantlade från båda sidor. Denna teknik är idealisk för byggandet av låghusbyggnader.
Träramhus är mycket populära i de skandinaviska länderna, träramhus och blir allt mer krävda i Lettland. Fler och fler familjer som tänker på sina egna bostäder väljer att bo i ett ekologiskt träramhus med låga uppvärmningskostnader.
Byggande av träramhus
Ett fullt konstruerat träramhus visuellt (både från utsidan och insidan) skiljer sig inte mycket från andra typer av byggnader, eftersom nästan alla träelement är dolda under dekorationen.
Träramhus är krävda eftersom de är energieffektiva – med låga uppvärmningskostnader har de också relativt låga byggkostnader eftersom byggnadsstrukturerna är prefabricerade vilket sparar både pengar och tid avsevärt.
Träramhus är byggda av förnybara resurser, deras konstruktion genererar relativt mindre förorening till miljön
Warm wooden frame house
Many owners want to find out what the heating costs will be before starting to build a house. When choosing a wooden frame house, you can be sure –you will not need to spend much money on heating. It is supported by construction technologies northouse.eu/wooden-frame-house-construction-technologies/ , used building materials, their proper application and the airtightness of the building. Technologically correctly designed and assembled panels northouse.eu/wooden-panel-houses/ of wooden frame houses have low thermal conductivity, which is provided by wood in combination with construction wool, properly fitted diffusion and vapor barriers, as well as special tapes by which the joints are glued. In order to ensure the airtightness of the building, special sealing tapes are used in the assembly process between the panels, with the help of this technology completely sealing all the corners and joints. The heating costs of a 150 m2 wooden frame house are equivalent to the heating costs of a three-room apartment.
The thickness of the thermal insulation layer of a wooden frame house is chosen on the basis of the functionality of the house. The thermal insulation layer for dwelling houses is thicker in comparison with the layer for summer wooden frame houses. It is equally important to use high-quality windows and to provide their appropriate location in the building. Technologically well-constructed wooden frame houses northouse.eu/wooden-panel-houses-ehitbuilding/ have high heat resistance and low heating costs.
Safe wooden frame house
For each project of the house, the architect individually develops optimal construction solutions – appropriate for the home area, the number of floors, the roof configuration.
The safety and stability of a wooden frame house depend both on carefully considered solutions and on the technologically proper construction.
First of all, a wooden frame of the appropriate size is manufactured at the factory, in which additional fasteners and special mounting joints are built in. The frame is boarded on both sides with chipboard, providing vertical, horizontal and diagonal resistance.
The wall is tightened, and it becomes a monolithic and safe construction. The use of such monolithic structures ensures durability and stability of the wooden frame house.
Ecological wooden frame house
Since ancient times, ecological timber houses are being constructed using natural materials. Today, the tradition of building such houses is continuing but using higher quality materials, newer technologies northouse.eu/wooden-frame-house-construction-technologies/ and technical capabilities. If a wooden frame house is originally constructed from dry timber and the entry of moisture into structures is prevented, a good climate and air quality in the building will be provided. If indoor humidity increases, the wood absorbs it. In turn, if the indoor air becomes too dry, moisture is returned. In this way, the house is constantly provided with excellent microclimate. In order to preserve ecology, it is not advisable to build in films in the structures of a wooden frame dwelling house.
If they are still used, then you need to select the appropriate film and the joints must be connected with a special tape. Already entering a frame house, you can feel the ecologically northouse.eu/eco-houses/ of a frame house. It is pleasant and comfortable to stay inside its premises.
Construction of the wooden frame house is possible at any time of the year.
Thanks to the dry construction law, wooden frame houses can be built at any time of the year and in weather conditions, even in winter. In this aspect, wooden frame houses differ, for example, from the block and concrete houses. When building a timber frame house, you do not have to wait until the timber is dry.
If panels are made at the factory northouse.eu/prefabricated-houses/ and assembled on the site, such a house can be built without a roof within a few weeks. It does depend on the project. It is advisable to build the foundations of the house before frost because frost may have a negative effect on its quality.
Outer finish works, as well as roofing, construction of interior communications and interior finish works can be performed at any time of the year in the wooden frame house.
Energy efficient wooden frame house
When looking for ways to build a potential energy efficient house northouse.eu/passive-houses/ with lower heating costs, people often choose to build a wooden frame house as it meets all the requirements of an energy efficient building. In the construction of a wooden frame house, special technologies are used to provide that the building uses as little heat as possible, as well as to provide that during the process of production and construction of wooden frame houses, the environment is the comparatively less polluted environment.
For wooden frame houses, energy efficiency is achieved by using the high-quality building and insulation materials, the latest technology, developing well-designed building projects, as well as performing high-quality construction of the house and preventing possible loss of heat.
Economical wooden frame house
Wooden frame houses are much more economical compared with, for example, block and brick houses. Construction costs (fully finished and fully established communications) are about 10-15% lower than for blockhouses and 30-34% lower than for brick houses.
Wooden frame houses are also economical in terms of operation. For example, for a brick house, in order to achieve energy efficiency indicators such as for a wooden frame house, the outer wall of a brick house must be at least one meter thick.
Finish works of wooden frame houses
A variety of materials can be used for a performance of finish works for wooden frame houses. Traditionally, decoration boards or ornamental plaster, decorative brick tiles, finished cement slabs, standing, cladding panels, etc. The interior decoration can be made according to taste and desire – walls can be painted or glued with wallpaper, in technical rooms, as well as in the rooms where humidity is high, tiles can be laid. Tiles, floorboards, parquet, laminate, linoleum, etc. can be used for floor decoration in living rooms. Before finishing the interior, it is advisable to consult a qualified designer and work out a design project together: to create a design for each room – according to the lifestyle of the host, and to develop the design for a common living room, bathroom, and toilet.
For wooden frame houses, there is also a wide range of roofing options. It is possible to choose metal roofs, bitumen tile roof, concrete or clay tile roof, etc.
Fireproof wooden frame house
When designing wooden frame houses, all fire safety regulations are observed. The house is properly located. The timber materials are treated with special devices providing fire protection. The wood used in the construction of a wooden frame house is calibrated – the smooth surface prevents fire exposure, and all the wooden constructions are embedded under suitable materials to provide that the timber material does not come into direct contact with the fire northouse.eu/a-wooden-house-%E2%81%A0heating/.
All timber constructions northouse.eu/private-house-construction-wooden-frame-houses-construction-stages/ in the production process are carefully treated both against fire and possible moisture access, and mold, thus providing the house with fire safety and longevity.
The durability of wooden frame houses
The durability of a wooden frame house depends to a large extent on the place of the construction of the chosen house, the condition of the ground, the construction of proper foundations, properly selected and applied construction technologies, and qualitatively created exterior finishes to protect the house from the influence of climatic conditions – wind, snow, etc.
Thanks to modern technologies, wooden frame houses are strong, safe and durable northouse.eu/wooden-panel-houses-ehitbuilding/ .
Advantages of a wooden frame house
The main advantage of a wooden frame house building its high heat resistance, which allows the owners to save significant heating costs. These houses are practical, ecological and environmentally friendly. They can be constructed in a short period of time, and construction can be done at any time of the year – even in winter .
The construction speed is provided by the dry construction law since it is not necessary to wait for the material to dry out. A fully constructed timber frame house is much lighter in weight than a concrete house, so there is no need to build a solid, complicated and expensive foundation.
A wooden frame house is a natural and breathable place of residence for your family.
Wooden frame houses is an economy, rational and high-level building technology.
Wooden frame houses technology origins are to be found in Canada. The climate of North America is similar to our, but the frame house design is suitable for different climatic zones and geological conditions: if changing different parameters of materials of isolation, then it is possible to adjust the house – build it in warmer or colder zone. The huge plus is that the wooden prefabricated house northouse.eu/wooden-panel-houses-ehitbuilding/ is possible to mount even when it is cold outside.
The experts in the field of building in Canada say, that these houses if have been renovated, can serve 150-200 years. The stability of the wooden frame house is connected to its flexibility thus, it is seismically durable and can withstand earthquakes (for example, in Japan 75 % of livers use this type of houses, placing a high buffer pole in the middle of which the rest of the house is being constructed – the walls move around it, but remain intact).
On the other hand, wooden frame houses cannot cope with strong hurricanes, what is very specific for the North America region. But in Lithuania for several decades the are built garden houses from the wood constructions, while in private houses’ sphere it comes slowly, but becomes more popular.
The efficiency of warmth
The average thickness of the walls of the wood frame houses is 20 cm, but, even in cold time without heating, the temperature lowers only form 2-3 ° С in a day.
It is not hard to heat wood frame houses and maintain the necessary temperature. The loss of warm depends on the house impermeability. That is why the factor such as this is so important.
For example, in Lithuania traditionally in use are brick and concrete flat houses, which gave us uncertain apprehension – if a house has thin walls, it does not save warm for a long time.
Impermeability of the air is the most important factor of thin walls
The warmth in the premises rises upwards from the heating devices, creating pressure on the existing parts – ceilings, walls, and windows. In the smallest gaps the warm air exits out while air at the same time as the ground is drawn and through the floor, window or door openings, cold air enters the interior and the room must be heated again.
Heat loss can be reduced by increasing the thermal resistance of the bulkheads. IN the USA company “Architectural Energy Corporation” was made a research: calculated the heat loss, using non-insulated building constructions. Later the same constructions were was covered with waterproof and warm insulation material. The research has shown, that on the basis of the thermal energy savings is tightness.
By increasing the heat resistance of the sealed insulating material layer by more than 100% (increasing the layer from 10 cm to 20 cm), heat savings only reached 3%, proving that these investments were ineffective. According to the research results, it can be concluded that it is more efficient to invest in the construction of the house as a whole since even a completely thin layer of airtight insulating material retains the leakage of the warm air stream.
Steam should be controlled by the insulation material, which goes up from the humidity construction, this doesn’t let to rot, mold or dry out too much. Steam and air should be evenly going through the insulation material northouse.eu/wooden-house-%E2%81%A0goods-advantages/ . Since the drying process of building materials is relatively slow, the air resistance of such a durable insulation material may be small, but it can be provided with airtight materials.
Choosing enough insulated airtight materials, it is possible to lower the circulation of the air in the partitions, this way decreasing heating (winter time) and cooling (summer time) costs.
The building of a wooden frame house
The building technology of the wooden frame house determines different material functions – bearing capacity, separation, insulation. Each element has its own function and possible opportunities: various materials have their own structure’s minimum thickness, its thermal energy efficiency, moisture resistance, and sound permeability.
Traditionally, brick, wood or stone wall raw materials have to do different functions at the same time (structure providing, warmth, and sound insulation), which determines several concrete building conditions: the natural drying and shrinkage of the building, the wall thickness is sufficient and the bases are heavy, and the total construction time is long.
Foundations can be the monolith or on the piers, but they shouldn’t be massive for being stable. It shortens the time of building and reduces costs.
Usually, wooden frame house is from one to two floors. Houses such like these are light and small, there’s no need for the huge number of the material for the exterior. This is one of the benefits in comparison to panel houses’ building – flexibility is the implementation of various architectural needs.
One of the possible disadvantages of this house could be acoustic characteristics. Through the building process, there are special seal settings, which can work as a sound insulation. The insulation of the sound determines the filling. Often there are problems with flaws: if the house is with two floors, then people, for example, can complain about too loud steps on the second floor. This problem can be resolved if we choose enough durable wooden overlay, on which later will pour the concrete floor. In the building, using wooden frames, it is possible to build even five-floor house, but usually, they are used for one or two-floor houses.
Frames are produced from the dried calibrated wood. Because of the good characteristics, builders choose to use conifers’ wood. Fir wood is flexible; pine tree wood is fragile, but our modern technologies let us protect the wood from the adverse effects of the environment.
Partly finished wooden frame house cost without foundations and painting works could be approx. 500 – 700 EUR for the m2 and more. It is possible to set up the frame in several weeks. An important requirement for building house such like this are good weather conditions for the frame house mounting, because, while mounting wooden constructions, humidity and frost can influence them.
If the decision is to build a wooden frame house, it is not recommended to stay the house for several years without windows and doors, because the wood will not withstand it. That’s why it is necessary to plan all the building works and have enough money to finish the work.
Then starts fixing of the frame (very suitable is calibrated wood), placing elements successively in 60 cm one from each other and fastening them with nails and screws.
In accordance to needs of the project, in corners and other places, it is used the thicker wood material.
Between the foundation and the lower beam, which goes through all the foundations, a rubber gasket is inserted, which eliminates the appearing of the humidity and later provides the impermeability of the air.
Later affixes the crown and sets up the ceiling. It high can differ between 1.95 till 2.45 m in accordance to the fact, does be used concrete floors and planned several partitions. If one-floor house is planned to be built, then it has to be considered the question about the building of the roof.
Despite that, in wooden frame houses, it is possible to use different panels (plywood, wood chip, wood fiber, gypsum, OSB), because it provides the strength and stability of walls.
- Small weight of the construction (wooden frame house is 5-6 times lighter than the brick house)
- Relatively short time of the building process
- Availability of materials
- Ability to carry out various architectural plans by constructing an individual design and interior planning house
- In the process of building, there is used not a huge amount of building equipment
- All the inner communications (canalization, water, heat) are built into the walls.
- Easy to modernize
- Relatively not huge costs
- An advantage of the eco house – nature-friendly and renewable materials
- Is not durable against hurricanes
- While mounting wooden constructions, humidity and frost can influence them
- Is important to make house impermeable for the reasons of, when start to live, the heat couldn’t go away and do not have problems with a bad insulation.
There are fulfilling heat insulation and insulation materials are chosen before the mounting of the panels. Firstly, inserting mineral wool and stone wool for thermal insulation, then a film that protects against water vapor. On this stage, there are mounting electrical installations. Walls are finishing with mentioned panels, at the same time combining in ordinals, which helps to save the heat.
At the end, the house interior and exterior works are accomplishing.